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TM Research Summary
Summary Continued
TM References 1-197
References 198-378
New Studies
TM Research Publications
Comparison of Techniques
Long-Term Effects of TM
TM Research Issues
Rebuttal of NRC Report
Rebuttal of AHRQ Review
Commitment to Science
Academic Recognition
No-Effect Studies

References 198-378

Reference numbers 1-197

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198. Alexander CN. Transcendental Meditation. In RJ Corsini (ed.), Encyclopedia of Psychology (2nd ed., pp.5465-5466). New York: Wiley Interscience, 1994

199. Alexander CN et al. Transcendental Consciousness: a fourth major state of consciousness beyond sleep, dreaming, and waking. In J Gackenbach (ed.), Sleep and Dreams: A Sourcebook (pp.282-312). New York: Garland, 1987

200. Dillbeck MC, Alexander CN. Higher states of consciousness: Maharishi Mahesh Yogi's Vedic psychology of human development.The Journal of Mind and Behavior 1989 10:307-334

201. Orme-Johnson DW. An overview of Charles Alexander's contribution to psychology: developing higher states of consciousness in the individual and the society. Journal of Adult Development 2000 7:199-215

202. Orme-Johnson DW et al. Maharishi's Vedic Psychology: the science of the cosmic psyche. In HS Kao, D Sinha (eds), Asian Perspectives on Psychology (pp.282-308). New Delhi, India: Sage Publications, 1997

203. Berg WP, Mulder B. Psychological research on the effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique on a number of personality variables. Gedrag: Tijdschrift voor Psychologie (Behavior: Journal of Psychology) 1976 4:206-218

204. Ferguson PC, Gowan JC. Psychological findings on Transcendental Meditation. Journal of Humanistic Psychology 1976 16:51-60

205. Gelderloos P et al. Transcendence and psychological health: studies with long-term participants of the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program. Journal of Psychology 1990 124:177-197

206. Hanley CP, Spates JL. Transcendental Meditation and social psychological attitudes. Journal of Psychology 1978 99:121-127

207. Hjelle JA. Transcendental Meditation and psychological health. Perceptual and Motor Skills 1974 39:623-628

208. Penner WJ et al. Does an in-depth Transcendental Meditation course effect change in the personalities of the participants? Western Psychologist 1974 4:104-111

209. Seeman W et al. Influence of Transcendental Meditation on a measure of self-actualization. Journal of Counseling Psychology 1972 19:184-187

210. Nidich SI et al. Influence of Transcendental Meditation: a replication. Journal of Counseling Psychology 1973 20:565-566

211. Turnbull M, Norris H. Effects of Transcendental Meditation on self-identity indices and personality. British Journal of Psychology 1982 73:57-69

212. Alexander CN et al. Effect of practice of the children's Transcendental Meditation technique on cognitive stage development: acquisition and consolidation of conservation. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality 2005 17:21-46

213. Aron A et al. The Transcendental Meditation program in the college curriculum: a four-year longitudinal study of effects on cognitive and affective functioning. College Student Journal 1981 15:140-146

214. Brown M. Higher education for higher consciousness: a study of students at Maharishi International University. Doctoral dissertation, University of California at Berkeley, California, USA. Dissertation Abstracts International 1976 38:649A-650A. Summarized in Collected Papers, Volume 2 (pp.985-1000) - see reference 2

215. Handmacher BH. Length of time spent in the practice of Transcendental Meditation and sex differences related to intrapersonal and interpersonal orientation. Doctoral thesis, College of Education and Departments of Psychology and Sociology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA. Dissertation Abstracts International 1978 39:676A. Summarized in Collected Papers, Volume 3 (pp.2020-2028) - see reference 2

216. Gelderloos P et al. Cognitive orientation towards positive values in advanced participants of the TM and TM-Sidhi program. Perceptual and Motor Skills 1987 64:1003-1012

217. Nidich S et al. Moral development and higher states of consciousness. Journal of Adult Development 2000 7:217-225

218. Nystul MS, Garde M. Comparison of self-concepts of Transcendental Meditators and nonmeditators. Psychological Reports 1977 41:303-306

219. Travis FT. The significance of Transcendental Consciousness for addressing the 'hard' problem of consciousness. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality 2005 17:123-135

220. Alexander CN, Langer EJ (eds). Higher stages of human development: Perspectives on adult growth. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990

221. Alexander CN et al. Growth of higher stages of consciousness: Maharishi's Vedic psychology of human development. In CN Alexander, EJ Langer (eds), Higher stages of human development: Perspectives on adult growth (pp.286-341). New York: Oxford University Press, 1990

222. Alexander CN et al. Major issues in the exploration of adult growth. In CN Alexander, EJ Langer (eds), Higher stages of human development: Perspectives on adult growth (pp.3-32). New York: Oxford University Press, 1990

223. Alexander CN et al. Advanced human development in the Vedic Psychology of Maharishi Mahesh Yogi: theory and research. In ME Miller, SR Cook-Greuter (eds), Transcendence and mature thought in adulthood: The further reaches of adult development (pp.39-70). Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield, 1994

224. Nidich SI. A study of the relationship of the Transcendental Meditation program to Kohlberg's stages of moral reasoning. Doctoral thesis. Department of Learning and Development, College of Education, University of Cincinnati, Ohio, USA. Dissertation Abstracts International 1975 36:4361A­­-4362A. Summarized in Collected Papers, Volume 1 (pp.585-593) - see reference 1

225. Travis FT. From I to I: concepts of Self on an object-referral/ self-referral continuum. In AP Prescott (ed.), The Concept of Self in Psychology. New York: Nova Publishing, 2006

226. Dillbeck MC. Testing the Vedic Psychology of the Bhagavad-Gita. Psychologia 1983 26:232-240

227. Dillbeck MC. The concept of self in the Bhagavad-Gita and in the Vedic psychology of Maharishi Mahesh Yogi: a further note on testability. Psychologia 1990 33:50-56

228. Dillbeck MC. The effect of the Transcendental Meditation technique on anxiety level. Journal of Clinical Psychology 1977 33:1076-1078

229. Candelent T, Candelent G. Teaching Transcendental Meditation in a psychiatric setting. Hospital and Community Psychiatry 1975 26:156-159

230. Davis L. Management of depression in general practice. British Medical Journal 1986 292:64

231. Kniffki C. Transzendentale Meditation und Autogenes Training-ein Vergleich. In series Geist und Psyche. Munich: Kindler Verlag, 1979

232. Alexander CN, Sands D. Meditation and relaxation. In FN McGill (ed.), McGill's Survey of the Social Sciences: Psychology (pp. 1499-1505). Pasadena, California: Salem Press, 1993

233. Ottoson J-O. Transcendental Meditation. Swedish National Health Board publication: Socialstyrelsen, 1977 D: nr SN 3-9-1194/73. Summarized in Suurküla J. The Transcendental Meditation technique and the prevention of psychiatric illness. In Collected Papers, Volume 2 (pp.896-897) - see reference 2

234. Geisler M. Therapeutische Wirkungen der Transzendentalen Meditation auf Drogenkonsumenten. Zeitschrift für Klinische Psychologie 1978 7:235-255

235. Shafii M et al. Meditation and marijuana. American Journal of Psychiatry 1974 131:60-63

236. Shafii M et al. Meditation and the prevention of alcohol abuse. American Journal of Psychiatry 1975 132:942-945

237. Monahan R. Secondary prevention of drug dependency through the Transcendental Meditation program in metropolitan Philadelphia. International Journal of the Addictions 1977 12:729-754

238. Aron A, Aron EN. The pattern of reduction of drug and alcohol use among Transcendental Meditation participants. Bulletin of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors 1983 2:28-33

239. Aron A, Aron EN. The Transcendental Meditation program's effect on addictive behavior. Addictive Behaviors 1980 5:3-12

240. Hawkins MA. Effectiveness of the Transcendental Meditation program in criminal rehabilitation and substance abuse recovery: a review of the research. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation 2003 36:47-66

241. O'Connell DF, Alexander CN (eds). Self recovery: Treating addictions using Transcendental Meditation and Maharishi Ayur-Veda. New York: Haworth Press, 1994

242. O'Connell DF. The use of Transcendental Meditation in relapse prevention counseling. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly 1991 8:53-68

243. O'Connell DF. Possessing the Self: Maharishi Ayur-Veda and the process of recovery from addictivediseases. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly 1994 11:459-495

244. Orme-Johnson D. Transcendental Meditation as an epidemiological approach to drug and alcohol abuse: theory, research, and financial impact evaluation. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly 1994 11:119-168

245. Sharma HM et al. Implementation of the Transcendental Meditation program and Maharishi Ayur-Veda to prevent alcohol and drug abuse among juveniles at risk. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly 1994 11:429-457

246. Staggers Jr F et al. Importance of reducing stress and strengthening the host in drug detoxification: the potential offered by Transcendental Meditation. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly 1994 11:297-331

247. Taub E et al. Effectiveness of broad spectrum approaches to relapse prevention in severe alcoholism: a long-term, randomised, controlled trial of Transcendental Meditation, EMG biofeedback and electronic neurotherapy. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly 1994 11:187-220

248. Bleick CR. Case histories: using the Transcendental Meditation program with alcoholics and addicts. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly 1994 11:243-269

249. Ellis GA, Corum P. Removing the motivator: a holistic solution to substance abuse. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly 1994 11:271-296

250. Wallace RK. Decreased drug abuse with Transcendental Meditation: a study of 1,862 subjects. In CJ Zarafonetis (ed.), Drug Abuse: Proceedings of the International Conference (pp.369-376). Philadelphia: Lea and Febiger, 1972

251. Walton KG, Levitsky D. A neuroendocrine mechanism for the reduction of drug use and addictions by Transcendental Meditation. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly 1994 11:89-117

252. Marcus JB. Transcendental Meditation: a new method of reducing drug abuse. Drug Forum 1974 3:113-136

253. Clements G et al. The use of the Transcendental Meditation program in the prevention of drug abuse and in the treatment of drug-addicted persons. Bulletin on Narcotics 1988 40:51-56

254. So KT, Orme-Johnson DW. Three randomized experiments on the holistic longitudinal effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique on cognition. Intelligence 2001 29:419-440

255. Tjoa A. Increased intelligence and reduced neuroticism through the Transcendental Meditation program. Gedrag: Tijdschrift voor Psychologie (Behavior: Journal of Psychology) 1975 3:167-182

256. Fergusson LC et al. Vedic science based education and nonverbal intelligence: a preliminary longitudinal study in Cambodia. Higher Education Research and Development 1995 15:73-82

257. Fergusson LC et al. Vedic science based education and mental and physical health: a preliminary longitudinal study in Cambodia. Journal of Instructional Psychology 1995 22:308-319

258. Cranson RW et al. Transcendental Meditation and improved performance on intelligence-related measures: a longitudinal study. Journal of Personality and Individual Differences 1991 12:1105-1116

259. Kember P. The Transcendental Meditation technique and postgraduate academic performance. British Journal of Educational Psychology 1985 55:164-166

260. Nidich S et al. School effectiveness: achievement gains at the Maharishi School of the Age of Enlightenment. Education 1986 107:49-54

261. Nidich SI, Nidich RJ. Increased academic achievement at Maharishi School of the Age of Enlightenment: a replication study. Education 1989 109:302-304

262. Fergusson LC. Field independence, Transcendental Meditation, and achievement in college art: a re-examination. Perceptual and Motor Skills 1993 77:1104-1106

263. Dillbeck MC et al. Longitudinal effects of the TM and TM-Sidhi program on cognitive ability and style. Perceptual and Motor Skills 1986 62:731-738

264. Dillbeck MC. Meditation and flexibility of visual perception and verbal problem solving. Memory and Cognition 1982 10:207-215

265. Schecter HW. A psychological investigation into the source of the effect of the Transcendental Meditation technique. Doctoral dissertation, Graduate Department of Psychology, York University, North York, Ontario, Canada, 1975. Dissertation Abstracts International 1978 38:3372B-3373B. Summarized in Collected Papers, Volume 1 (pp.403-409) - see reference 1

266. Travis FT. Creative thinking and the Transcendental Meditation technique. Journal of Creative Behavior 1979 13:169-180

267. Kotchabhakdi NJ et al. Improvement of intelligence, learning ability and moral judgment through the practice of the Transcendental Meditation technique. In Proceedings of the Second Asian Workshop on Child and Adolescent Development, Bangkok and Bangsaen, Thailand, 15-24 February 1982. Bangkok: Sri Nakharinwirot University. Also in Collected Papers, Volume 3 (pp.1998-2011) - see reference 2

268. Jedrczak A et al. The TM-Sidhi program, pure consciousness, creativity and intelligence. Journal of Creative Behavior 1985 19:270-275

269. Abrams AI. Paired-associate learning and recall: a pilot study of the Transcendental Meditation program. In Collected Papers, Volume 1 (pp.377-381) - see reference 1

270. Miskiman DE. The effect of the Transcendental Meditation program on the organization of thinking and recall (secondary organization). In Collected Papers, Volume 1 (pp.385-392) - see reference 1

271. Dillbeck MC et al. The Transcendental Meditation program as an educational technology: research and applications.Educational Technology 1979 19:7-13

272. Schmidt-Wilk J et al. Higher education for higher consciousness: Maharishi University of Management as a model for spirituality in management education. Journal of Management Education 2000 25:580-611

273. Barnes VA et al. Impact of stress reduction on negative school behavior in adolescents. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 2003 1:10

274. Grosswald SJ et al. Use of the Transcendental Meditation technique to reduce symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) by reducing stress and anxiety: an exploratory study.Current Issues in Education[On-line] 200810(2). Available:http://cie.ed.asu.edu/volume10/number2/

275. Dixon C et al. Accelerating cognitive and self development: longitudinal studies with preschool and elementary school children. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality 2005 17:65-91

276. Jackson Y. Learning disorders and the Transcendental Meditation program: retrospects and prospects. A preliminary study with economically deprived adolescents. Doctoral thesis (summary), University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts, USA. Dissertation Abstracts International 1977 38:3351A. Summarized in Collected Papers, Volume 2 (pp.1000-1012) - see reference 2

277. Overbeck KD, Tönnies SE. Einige effekte der transzendentalen meditation bei lernbehinderten sonderschülern. Diplomarbeit of first author, Psychologisches Institut III, University of Hamburg, West Germany, 1975. Summarized in Collected Papers, Volume 2 (pp.963-968) - see reference 2

278. Eyerman J. Transcendental Meditation and mental retardation. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 1981 42:35-36

279. Wood MF. The effectiveness of Transcendental Meditation as a means of improving the echolalic behavior of an autistic student. Paper presented at the International Symposium on Autism Research, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, 14 July 1981. Also in Collected Papers, Volume 3 (pp.1983-1989) - see reference 2

280. Allen CP. Effects of Transcendental Meditation, electromyographic (EMG) biofeedback relaxation, and conventional relaxation on vasoconstriction, muscle tension, and stuttering: a quantitative comparison. Doctoral dissertation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Dissertation Abstracts International 1979 40:689B. Summarized in Collected Papers, Volume 4 (pp.2287-2289) - see reference 2

281. Jones C et al. Attacking crime at its source: consciousness-based education in the prevention of violence and anti-social behavior. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation 2003 36:229-256

282. Appelle S, Oswald LE. Simple reaction time as a function of alertness and prior mental activity. Perceptual and Motor Skills 1974 38:1263-1268

283. Holt WR et al. Transcendental Meditation vs pseudo-meditation on visual choice reaction time. Perceptual and Motor Skills 1978 46:726

284. Jedrczak A. The Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program and field independence. Perceptual and Motor Skills 1984 59:999-1000

285. Pelletier KR. Influence of Transcendental Meditation upon autokinetic perception. Perceptual and Motor Skills 1974 39:1031-1034

286. Gelderloos P et al. Field independence of students at Maharishi School of the Age of Enlightenment and a Montessori school. Perceptual and Motor Skills 1987 65:613-614

287. Rani NJ, Krishna Rao PV. Effects of meditation on attention processes. Journal of Indian Psychology 2000 18:52-60

288. Sridevi K, Krishna Rao PV. Temporal effects of meditation on cognitive style. Journal of Indian Psychology 2003 21:38-51

289. Travis FT. Cortical and cognitive development in 4th, 8th, and 12th grade students: the contribution of speed of processing and executive functioning to cognitive development. Biological Psychology 1998 48:37-56

290. Pagano RR, Frumkin LR. The effects of Transcendental Meditation on right hemispheric functioning. Biofeedback and Self-Regulation 1977 2:407-415

291. Daniels D. Comparison of the Transcendental Meditation technique to various relaxation procedures. In Collected Papers, Volume 2 (pp.864-871) - see reference 2

292. Friend KE, Maliszewski M. More on the reliability of the kinesthetic after-effects measure and need for stimulation. Journal of Personality Assessment 1978 42:385-391

293. Martinetti RF. Influence of Transcendental Meditation on perceptual illusion. Perceptual and Motor Skills 1976 43:822

294. Antes M. The effects of the TM-Sidhi program on rigidity-flexibility. Diplomarbeit, Department of Psychology, University of Saarland, Saarbrücken, Germany. Summarized in Collected Papers, Volume 3 (pp.1913-1920) - see reference 2

295. Rimol AGP. The Transcendental Meditation technique and its effects on sensory-motor performance. In Collected Papers: Volume 1 (pp.326-330) - see reference 1

296. Blasdell KS. The effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique upon a complex perceptual-motor task. In Collected Papers: Volume 1 (pp.322-325) - see reference 1

297. Mills WW, Farrow JT. The Transcendental Meditation technique and acute experimental pain. Psychosomatic Medicine 1981 43:157-164

298. Travis FT et al. Invincible Athletics program: aerobic exercise and performance without strain. International Journal of Neuroscience 1996 85:301-308

299. Reddy MK et al. The effects of the Transcendental Meditation program on athletic performance. In Collected Papers: Volume 1 (pp.346-358) - see reference 1

300. Reddy MK. The role of the Transcendental Meditation program in the promotion of athletic excellence: long- and short-term effects and their relation to activation theory. In Collected Papers, Volume 2 (pp.907-948) - see reference 2

301. Alexander CN et al. Effects of the Transcendental Meditation program on stress reduction, health, and employee development: a prospective study in two occupational settings. Anxiety, Stress, and Coping 1993 6:245-262

302. Frew DR. Transcendental Meditation and productivity. Academy of Management Journal 1974 17:362-368

303. De Armond D. Effects of the Transcendental Meditation program on psychological, physiological, behavioral and organizational consequences of stress in managers and executives. Dissertation Abstracts International 1996 57:4068B

304. Sheppard DH et al. The effects of a stress management program in a high security government agency. Anxiety, Stress and Coping1997 10:341-350

305. Broome JRN et al. Worksite stress reduction through the Transcendental Meditation program. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality 2005 17:235-276

306. McCollum B. Leadership development and self development: an empirical study. Career Development International 1999 4:149-154

307. Heaton D et al. Constructs, methods, and measures for researching spirituality in organizations. Journal of Organizational Change Management 2004 17:62-82

308. Schmidt-Wilk J et al. Developing consciousness in organizations: the Transcendental Meditation program in business. Journal of Business and Psychology 1996 10:429-444

309. Schmidt-Wilk J. Consciousness-based management development: case studies of international top management teams. Journal of Transnational Management Development 2000 5:61-85

310. Schmidt-Wilk J. TQM and the Transcendental Meditation program in a Swedish top management team. The TQM Magazine 2003 15:219-229

311. Schmidt-Wilk J et al. Introduction of the Transcendental Meditation program in a Norwegian top management team. In B Glaser (ed.), Grounded Theory: 1984-1994. Mill Valley, California: Sociology Press, 2003

312. Harung HS. More effective decisions through synergy of objective and subjective approaches. Management Decision 1993 31(7):38-45

313. Gustavsson B, Harung HS. Organizational learning based on transforming collective consciousness. The Learning Organization: an International Journal 1994 1(1):33-40

314. Harung HS. Total management: integrating manager, managing, and managed. Journal of Managerial Psychology 1996 11(2):4-21

315. Harung HS. Enhancing learning and performance through a synergy of objective and subjective modes of change. The Learning Organization: an International Journal 1997 4:193-210

316. Harung HS. Improved time management through human development: achieving most with least expenditure of time. Journal of Managerial Psychology 1998 13:406-428

317. Harung HS et al. Evolution of organizations in the new millennium. Leadership and Organization Development Journal 1999 20:198-206

318. Heaton D, Harung HS. Vedic Management: enlightening human resources for holistic success. Chinmaya Management Review 1999 3:75-84

319. Heaton D, Harung HS. The conscious organization. The Learning Organization: an International Journal 1999 6:157-162

320. Heaton D, Harung HS. Awakening creative intelligence and peak performance: reviving an Asian tradition. Chapter in J Kidd et al. (eds). Human Intelligence Deployment in Asian Business. London: Macmillan, and New York: St. Martin's Press, 2001

321. Alexander CN, Heaton DP, Chandler HM. Promoting adult psychological development: implications for management education. Human Resource Management 1990 2:133-137

322. Aron EN, Aron A. Transcendental Meditation and marital adjustment. Psychological Reports 1982 51:887-890

323. Holeman R, Seiler G. Effects of sensitivity training and Transcendental Meditation on perception of others. Perceptual and Motor Skills 1979 49:270

324. Chen ME. A comparative study of dimensions of healthy functioning between families practicing the TM program for five years or for less than a year. Journal of Holistic Nursing 1987 5:6-10

325. Marcus SV. The influence of the Transcendental Meditation program on the marital dyad. Doctoral disseration, California School of Professional Psychology, Fresno, California, USA. Dissertation Abstracts International 1977 38:3895B. Summarized in Collected Papers, Volume 4 (pp.2477-2479) - see reference 2

326. Broome VJ. Relationship between participation in Transcendental Meditation and the functionality of marriage. Doctoral dissertation, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa, 1989.

327. Rainforth M et al. Effects of the Transcendental Meditation program on recidivism of former inmates of Folsom Prison: survival analysis of 15-year follow-up data. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation 2003 35:181-204

328. Dillbeck MC, Abrams AI. The application of the Transcendental Meditation program to corrections. International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice 1987 11:111-132

329. Bleick CR, Abrams AI. The Transcendental Meditation program and criminal recidivism in California. Journal of Criminal Justice 1987 15:211-230

330. Abrams AI, Siegel LM. The Transcendental Meditation program and rehabilitation at Folsom State Prison: a cross-validation study. Criminal Justice and Behavior 1978 5:3-20

331. Abrams AI. Transcendental Meditation and rehabilitation at Folsom Prison: response to a critique. Criminal Justice and Behavior 1979 6:13-21

332. Anklesaria FK, King MS. The Transcendental Meditation program in the Senegalese penitentiary system. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation 2003 36:303-318

333. Anklesaria FK, King MS. The Enlightened Sentencing Project: a judicial innovation. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation 2003 36:35-46

334. Alexander CN et al. Walpole study of the Transcendental Meditation program in maximum security prisoners I: cross-sectional differences in development and psychopathology. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation 2003 36:97-126

335. Alexander CN, Orme-Johnson DW. Walpole study of the Transcendental Meditation program in maximum security prisoners II: longitudinal study of development and psychopathology. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation 2003 36:127-160

336. Alexander CN et al. Walpole study of the Transcendental Meditation program in maximum security prisoners III: reduced recidivism. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation 2003 36:161-180

337. Alexander CN et al (eds). Transcendental Meditation in criminal rehabilitation and crime prevention. Binghamton, New York: Haworth Press, 2003

338. Childs JP. The use of the Transcendental Meditation program as a therapy with juvenile offenders. Doctoral dissertation, Department of Educational Psychology and Guidance, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA. Dissertation Abstracts International 1974 34:4732A. Summarized in Collected Papers, Volumes 1 (pp.577-584) - see reference 1

339. Aron A, Aron EN. Rehabilitation of juvenile offenders through the Transcendental Meditation program: a controlled study. Presented at the meeting of the Society of Police and Criminal Psychology, October 1992, Nashville, Tennessee, USA. Also in Collected Papers, Volume 3 (pp.2163-2166) - see reference 2

340. Goodman RS et al. The Transcendental Meditation program: a consciousness-based developmental technology for rehabilitation and crime prevention. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation 2003 36:1-34

341. Goodman RS et al. A consciousness-based approach to human security. In MV Naidu (ed.), Perspectives on human security (pp.189-210). Brandon, Manitoba: Canadian Peace Research and Education Association, 2001

342. Hawkins MA et al. Consciousness-based approach to rehabilitation of inmates in the Netherlands Antilles: psychosocial and cognitive changes. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation 2003 36:205-228

343. Hawkins MA et al. Fulfilling the rehabilitative ideal through the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi programs: primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality 2005 17:443-488

344. Magill DL. Cost savings from teaching the Transcendental Meditation program. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation 2003 36:319-332

345. Orme-Johnson DW, Moore RM. First prison study using the Transcendental Meditation program: La Tuna Federal Penitentiary. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation 2003 36:89-96

346. Walton KG, Levitsky DK. Effects of the Transcendental Meditation program on neuroendocrine abnormalities associated with aggression and crime. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation 2003 36:67-88

347. Orme-Johnson, DW. Prison rehabilitation and crime prevention through the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program. In LH Hippchen (ed.), Holistic Approaches to Offender Rehabilitation (Chapter 19). Springfield, Illinois: Charles C Thomas Press, 1981

348. Dillbeck MC. Transcendental Meditation alleviates stress. In J-M Etkins (ed.), The State of Corrections: Proceedings of American Correctional Association Annual Conferences, 1988 (pp.157-161).Laurel, MD: American Correctional Association, 1989

349. Dillbeck MC et al. The Transcendental Meditation program and crime rate change in a sample of forty-eight cities. Journal of Crime and Justice 1981 4:25-45

350. Dillbeck MC et al. Test of a field model of consciousness and social change: Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program and decreased urban crime. Journal of Mind and Behavior 1988 9:457-486

351. Hatchard GD et al. The Maharishi Effect: a model for social improvement. Time series analysis of a phase transition to reduced crime in Merseyside Metropolitan Area. Psychology, Crime and Law 1996 2:165-174

352. Hagelin JS et al. Effects of group practice of the Transcendental Meditation program on preventing violent crime in Washington, DC: results of the National Demonstration Project, June-July 1993. Social Indicators Research 1999 47:153-201

353. Dillbeck MC et al. Effects of Transcendental Meditation and the TM-Sidhi program on quality of life indicators: consciousness as a field. Journal of Mind and Behavior 1987 8:67-104

354. Dillbeck MC. Test of a field hypothesis of consciousness and social change: time series analysis of participation in the TM-Sidhi program and reduction of violent death in the US. Social Indicators Research 1990 22:399-418

355. Orme-Johnson DW. Preventing crime though the Maharishi Effect. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation 2003 36:257-281

356. Orme-Johnson DW et al. The long-term effects of the Maharishi Technology of the Unified Field on the quality of life in the United States (1960 to 1983). Social Science Perspectives Journal 1988 2:127-146

357. Reeks DL. Improved quality of life in Iowa through the Maharishi Effect. Doctoral thesis, Maharishi University of Management, Fairfield, Iowa, USA. Dissertation Abstracts International 1991 51:6155B

358. Burgmans WH et al. Sociological effects of the group dynamics of consciousness: decrease of crime and traffic accidents in Holland. In Collected Papers, Volume 4 (pp.2566-2583) - see reference 2

359. Davies JL, Alexander CN. The Maharishi Technology of the Unified Field and improved quality of life in the United Sates: a study of the First World Peace Assembly, Amherst, Massachusetts, 1979. In Collected Papers, Volume 4 (pp.2549-2563) - see reference 2

360. Assimakis PD, Dillbeck MC. Time series analysis of improved quality of life in Canada: social change, collective consciousness, and the TM-Sidhi program. Psychological Reports 1995 76:1171-1193

361. Cavanaugh KL et al. Consciousness and the quality of economic life: empirical research on the macroeconomic effects of the collective practice of Maharishi's Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program. Proceedings of the Midwest Management Society (pp.183-190). Chicago: Midwest Management Society, 1989

362. Cavanaugh KL, King KD. Simultaneous transfer function analysis of Okun's misery index: improvement in the economic quality of life through Maharishi's Vedic science and technology of consciousness. Proceedings of the American Statistical Association, Business and Economics Statistics Section (pp.491-496). Alexandria, Virginia: American Statistical Association, 1988

363. Cavanaugh KL. Time series analysis of US and Canadian inflation and unemployment: a test of a field theoretic hypothesis. Proceedings of the American Statistical Association, Business and Economics Statistics Section (pp.799-804). Alexandria, Virginia: American Statistical Association, 1987

364. Cavanaugh KL et al. A multiple-input transfer function model of Okun's misery index: an empirical test of the Maharishi Effect. Proceedings of the American Statistical Association, Business and Economics Statistics Section (pp.565-570), Alexandria, Virginia: American Statistical Association, 1989

365. Beresford MS, Clements G. The group dynamics of consciousness and the UK stock market. In Collected Papers, Volume 4 (pp.2616-2623) - see reference 2

366. Dillbeck MC, Rainforth MV. Impact assessment analysis of behavioral quality of life indices: effects of group practice of the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program. Proceedings of the American Statistical Association, Social Statistics Section (pp.38-43). Alexandria, Virginia: American Statistical Association, 1996

367. Goodman RS et al. Congressional bipartisanship through a consciousness-based approach. Proceedings of the 64th Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association 2006 MPSA06 proceeding:137454.doc

368. Orme-Johnson DW et al. International peace project in the Middle East: the effects of the Maharishi Technology of the Unified Field. Journal of Conflict Resolution 1988 32:776-812

369. Orme-Johnson DW et al. The effects of the Maharishi Technology of the Unified Field: reply to a methodological critique. Journal of Conflict Resolution 1990 34:756-768

370. Orme-Johnson DW et al. Preventing terrorism and international conflict: effects of large assemblies of participants in the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi programs. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation 2003 36:283-302

371. Gelderloos P et al. Creating world peace through the collective practice of the Maharishi Technology of the Unified Field: improved US-Soviet relations. Social Science Perspectives Journal 1988 2:80-94

372. Gelderloos P et al. The dynamics of U.S.-Soviet relations, 1979-1986: a simultaneous transfer function analysis of U.S.-Soviet relations. A test of the Maharishi Effect. Proceedings of the American Statistical Association, Social Statistics Section (pp.297-302). Alexandria, Virginia: American Statistical Association, 1990

373. Orme-Johnson DW et al. The influence of the Maharishi Technology of the Unified Field on world events and global social indicators: the effects of the Taste of Utopia Assembly. In Collected Papers, Volume 4 (pp.2730-2762) - see reference 2

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375. Orme-Johnson DW. The science of world peace. International Journal of Healing and Caring 2003 3:1-9

376. Leffler DR. A Vedic approach to military defense: reducing collective stress through the field effects of consciousness. Doctoral dissertation, Union Institute Graduate School, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA. Dissertation Abstracts International 1997 58:3298A. Also available from http://www.davidleffler.com/doctoraldissertation.html

377. Brown CL.Overcoming barriers to use of promising research among elite Middle East policy groups. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality 2005 17:489-546

378. Orme-Johnson DW, Oates RM. A field-theoretic view of consciousness: reply to critics. Journal of Scientific Exploration 2009 23(2):139-166.

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